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Berkeley Lab Physicist, Atmospheric Chemist Named AAAS Fellows

November 20th, 2017

Michael Barnett, a senior physicist and educator; and Ronald C. Cohen, a climate and air quality researcher – have been named as Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), the world’s largest general scientific society, formed in 1848.

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Research Becomes Reality in Study of Fire Impact on Sonoma Water Resources

November 20th, 2017

Catastrophic fires in Northern California burned more than 110,000 acres in Sonoma and Napa counties last month – including 8 percent of the Russian River watershed. Now with the rainy season underway Berkeley Lab’s research – which seeks to understand how the hydrology and microbiology of the surface and groundwater system respond to extreme events – has become even more critical.

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Detailed View of Immune Proteins Could Lead to New Pathogen-Defense Strategies

November 16th, 2017

Biologists at Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley used cryo-EM to resolve the structure of a ring of proteins used by the immune system to summon support when under attack, providing new insight into potential strategies for protection from pathogens. The researchers captured the high-resolution image of a protein ring, called an inflammasome, as it was bound to flagellin, a protein from the whiplike tail used by bacteria to propel themselves forward.

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X-Rays Reveal the Biting Truth About Parrotfish Teeth

November 15th, 2017

A new study has revealed a chain mail-like woven microstructure that gives parrotfish teeth their remarkable ability to chomp on coral all day long – the structure could serve as a blueprint for designing ultra-durable synthetic materials.

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To Find New Biofuel Enzymes, It Can Take a Microbial Village

November 14th, 2017

In search of new plant enzymes? Try looking in compost. Researchers at JBEI have demonstrated the importance of microbial communities as a source of stable enzymes that could be used to convert plants to biofuels. This approach yields robust enzymes that researchers can’t easily obtain from isolates.

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Fuel Cell X-Ray Study Details Effects of Temperature and Moisture on Performance

November 13th, 2017

To find the right balance of moisture and temperature in a specialized type of hydrogen fuel cell, Berkeley Lab scientists have used X-rays to explore the inner workings of its components at tiny scales.

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New Study: Scientists Narrow Down the Search for Dark Photons Using Decade-Old Particle Collider Data

November 8th, 2017

A fresh analysis of particle-collider data, co-led by Berkeley Lab physicists, limits some of the hiding places for one type of theorized particle – the dark photon, also known as the heavy photon – that was proposed to help explain the mystery of dark matter.