Berkeley Lab scientists have gained more insights into why older women are more susceptible to breast cancer. They found that as women age, the cells responsible for maintaining healthy breast tissue stop responding to their immediate surroundings, including mechanical cues that should prompt them to suppress nearby tumors.
Combining components of Rosetta and PHENIX, two successful software programs for creating 3D structural models of proteins and other biomolecules, Berkeley Lab researchers have created a new method for refining those models and making the best of available experimental data.
Berkeley Lab and University of Wisconsin researchers have created the first technique to offer full color IR tomography, a non-destructive 3D imaging process that provides molecular-level chemical information of unprecedented detail on biological and other specimens with no need to stain or alter the specimen.
Tiny bubbles carrying hyperpolarized xenon gas hold big promise for greatly increasing the sensitivity of NMR/MRI technologies.
Berkeley Lab researcher have shown that deficiencies in vitamin D – the sunshine vitamin – accelerates the aging of bone, reducing the quality and making it more susceptible to fracturing.
Berkeley Lab researchers have demonstrated that the malignant activity of a cellular protein system strongly linked to breast cancer can arise from what essentially are protein traffic jams.
Berkeley Lab researchers have developed unique fluorescent probes for molecular imaging of copper in the brain, and are using these probes to uncover new information critical to a healthy mind.
A revolutionary X-ray analytical technique enables researchers at a glance to identify structural similarities and differences between multiple proteins under a variety of conditions and has already been used to gain valuable new insight into a prime protein target for cancer chemotherapy.
Olfactory sensory neurons – nerve cells in the nose – directly sense molecules that convey scent, then send the signals to the brain. Biologists have long wondered how it’s possible for each nerve cell to be equipped with only one kind of olfactory receptor (OR). There are over a thousand different kinds of OR genes