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A Better Look at the Chemistry of Interfaces

SWAPPS – Standing Wave Ambient Pressure Photoelectron Spectroscopy – is a new X-ray technique developed at Berkeley Lab’s Advanced Light Source that provides sub-nanometer resolution of every chemical element to be found at heterogeneous interfaces, such as those in batteries, fuel cells and other devices.

Copper on the Brain at Rest

A new study by Berkeley Lab researchers has shown that proper copper levels are essential to the health of the brain at rest.

Researchers Map Quantum Vortices Inside Superfluid Helium Nanodroplets

Researchers have, for the first time, characterized so-called quantum vortices that swirl within tiny droplets of liquid helium, opening new avenues to studying quantum rotation.

Of Metal Heads and Imaging

Berkeley Lab researchers are developing molecular imaging probes and techniques to study metals in the brain that have been linked to disorders such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases.

Up in Flames: Evidence Confirms Combustion Theory

Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Lab (Berkeley Lab) and the University of Hawaii have uncovered the first step in the process that transforms gas-phase molecules into solid particles like soot and other carbon-based compounds.

Shapes of Things to Come: Exotic Shapes for Liquid Drops Have Many Possible Uses

Through a combination of water, oil and nanoparticle surfactants plus an external field, spherical droplets are being transformed into ellipsoids and other unusual shapes that could find many valuable uses.

3D Dynamic Imaging of Soft Materials

Through a combination of transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and a unique graphene liquid cell, Berkeley Lab researchers have recorded the three-dimensional motion of DNA connected to gold nanocrystals, the first reported use of TEM for 3D dynamic imaging of soft materials.

One-Pot to Prep Biomass for Biofuels:

Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) researchers save water and reduce pollution with the first one-pot, wash-free, process for the ionic liquid pretreatment and saccharification of switchgrass, one of the leading biofuel feedstock candidates.

A Path to Better MTV-MOFs:

A team of Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley researchers have developed a method for accurately predicting the ability of MTV-MOFs (multivariate metal organic frameworks) to scrub carbon dioxide from the exhaust gases of fossil fuel power plants.

Speeding the Search for Better Methane Capture

Systematic in silico studies have identified several zeolite compounds that show technological promise for capturing methane, the main component of natural gas that can serve as an ally or an adversary in combating global climate change.