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Scientists Solve a Magnesium Mystery in Rechargeable Battery Performance

A Berkeley Lab-led research team has discovered a surprising set of chemical reactions involving magnesium that degrade battery performance even before the battery can be charged up. The findings could steer the design of next-gen batteries.

Scientists Decode the Origin of Universe’s Heavy Elements in the Light from a Neutron Star Merger

On Aug. 17, scientists around the globe were treated to near-simultaneous observations by separate instruments that would ultimately be confirmed as the first measurement of the merger of two neutron stars and its explosive aftermath.

International Team Reconstructs Nanoscale Virus Features from Correlations of Scattered X-rays

As part of an international research team Berkeley Lab researchers contributed key algorithms which helped achieve a goal first proposed more than 40 years ago – using angular correlations of X-ray snapshots from non-crystalline molecules to determine the 3D structure of important biological objects.

Berkeley Lab Tech Brings Nobel-Winning Cryo-EM Into Sharper Focus

Berkeley Lab played a key role in the 2017 Nobel Prize in chemistry, awarded today, honoring the development of cryo-EM, an imaging technique that has launched the fields of structural biology and biochemistry into an exciting new era of discovery.

Assessing Regional Earthquake Risk and Hazards in the Age of Exascale

With emerging exascale supercomputers, researchers will soon be able to accurately simulate the ground motions of regional earthquakes quickly and in unprecedented detail, as well as predict how these movements will impact energy infrastructure—from the electric grid to local power plants—and scientific research facilities.

Quantum Computation to Tackle Fundamental Science Problems

The observation that the number of transistors on a computer chip doubles roughly every two years has set the pace for our modern digital revolution—making smartphones, personal computers and current supercomputers possible. But some of the big problems that scientists need to tackle might be beyond the reach of conventional computers. Researchers at Berkeley Lab have been exploring a drastically different kind of computing architecture based on quantum mechanics to solve some of science’s hardest problems.

Berkeley Lab Scientists Map Key DNA Protein Complex at Near-Atomic Resolution

Using cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM), Berkeley Lab scientists have obtained 3-D models of a human transcription factor at near-atomic resolutions. The protein complex is critical to gene expression and DNA repair, and could aid research in targeted drug development.

New Simulations Could Help in Hunt for Massive Mergers of Neutron Stars, Black Holes

Scientists at Berkeley Lab have developed new computer models to explore what happens when a black hole joins with a neutron star – the superdense remnant of an exploded star.

New Berkeley Lab Algorithms Extract 3-D Biological Structure From Limited Data

A new algorithmic framework called M-TIP helps researchers determine the molecular structure of proteins and viruses from X-ray free electron laser data, which is crucial in fields like biology and medicine.

Rare Supernova Discovery Ushers in New Era for Cosmology

Using an automated supernova-hunting pipeline based at NERSC, astronomers have captured multiple images of a gravitationally lensed Type Ia supernova. This detection is currently the only one of its kind, but astronomers believe that if they can find more, they may be able to measure the rate of the universe’s expansion within 4 percent accuracy. Two Berkeley Lab researchers have a method for identifying more of these events using existing wide-field surveys.