The average global energy consumption of transportation fuels is currently several terawatts (1 terawatt = 1012 Joule per second). A major scientific gap for developing a solar fuels technology that could replace fossil resources with renewable ones is scalability at the unprecedented terawatts level. In fact, the only existing technology for making chemical compounds on the
Universities across the United States have set ambitious goals to shrink their carbon footprints, including the University of California, which launched its Carbon Neutrality Initiative in 2013, aiming for carbon neutrality by 2025. But amid broad support for climate action within the UC system, a big question looms: how to actually hit that target. Now,
Berkeley Lab researchers have identified a protein that protects plants from damage caused by too much light energy. They found that plants with deficient levels of the lipocalin protein, found in chloroplasts, are less able to dissipate excess light energy.
A research team including Berkeley Lab scientists has created a new catalyst on the path toward artificial photosynthesis — a system that would use renewable energy to convert carbon dioxide (CO2) into stored chemical energy.
Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley scientists were part of a team that helped to decipher one of the most bizarre spectacles ever seen in the night sky: A supernova that refused to stop shining, remaining bright far longer than an ordinary stellar explosion. What caused the event is puzzling.
Scientists have developed a new, ultrafast method for electrically controlling magnetism in certain metals, a development that could lead to greatly increased performance and more energy-efficient computer memory and processing technologies.
In the Earth Microbiome Project, an extensive global team collected more than 27,000 samples from numerous, diverse environments around the globe. They analyzed the unique collections of microbes – the microbiomes – living in each sample to generate the first reference database of bacteria colonizing the planet. Thanks to newly standardized protocols, original analytical methods and open data-sharing, the project will continue to grow and improve as new data are added. The paper describing this effort, published November
The Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to scientists in the LIGO Scientific Collaboration who discovered gravitational waves. Software tools developed by researchers at Berkeley Lab’s Computational Research Division played a key role in enabling the analysis of the vast quantities of data generated by LIGO.
Mapping the internal atomic structure of nanoparticles just got easier thanks to a new computer algorithm and graphical user interface designed by scientists at Berkeley Lab and UCLA.
Scientists at Berkeley Lab and the University of Toronto have developed a new recipe for creating synthesis gas mixtures, or syngas, that involves adding a pinch of copper atoms sprinkled atop a gold surface.