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You Don’t Have to Be Perfect for TMDCs to Shine Bright

Scientists from Berkeley Lab have developed a practical method that brightens atomically thin TMDC semiconductors for device applications such as solar cells, LEDs, and lasers without chemically treating the materials for defects.

Lithium Doesn’t Crack Under Pressure, It Transforms

Using cutting-edge theoretical calculations performed at NERSC, researchers at Berkeley Lab’s Molecular Foundry have predicted fascinating new properties of lithium – a light alkali metal that has intrigued scientists for two decades with its remarkable diversity of physical states at high pressures. “Under standard conditions, lithium is a simple metal that forms a textbook crystalline solid. However, scientists

A ‘Silver Bullet’ for the Chemical Conversion of Carbon Dioxide

Fossil fuels are the lifeblood of modern societies, but their increased use releases carbon dioxide, a climate-warming greenhouse gas, faster than plants can recycle it via photosynthesis. Now, a powerful combination of experiment and theory has revealed atomic-level details about how silver helps transform carbon dioxide gas into a reusable form. The results, reported in

Understanding Microbiomes for Advanced Wastewater Treatment and Reuse Systems

Wastewater is treated by an activated sludge process in municipal wastewater treatment plants and returned to the environment for use. This treatment process has been used for over a century, and today represents the largest application of biotechnology in the world, yet there has been no effort to map the global activated sludge microbiome. A

New Statistical Technique Finds La Nina Years More Favorable for Mountain Snowpack Than El Nino Years

When there are multiple factors at play in a situation that is itself changing, such as an El Nino winter in a changing climate, how can scientists figure out what is causing what? Researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have developed an advanced statistical method for quantifying and visualizing changes in environmental systems and easily

Unique Synthetic Antibodies Show Promise for Improved Disease and Toxin Detection

Scientists have invented a new “synthetic antibody” that could make screening for diseases easier and less expensive than current go-to methods. Writing in the journal Nano Letters, a team led by Markita Landry of Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley describes how peptoids – synthetically produced molecules, first created by Ron Zuckermann at Berkeley Lab’s Molecular Foundry, that

Exploring New Ways to Control Thermal Radiation

Planck’s Law, which describes electromagnetic radiation from heated bodies, forms the basis of quantum theory. However, with the advent of micro- and nanotechnology, it is easy to fabricate materials where Planck’s Law will not hold. In a study published in Nature Communications, researchers at Berkeley Lab set out to explore how deviations from Planck’s Law