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Study Sheds Light on How Bacterial Organelles Assemble

Scientists at Berkeley Lab and Michigan State University are providing the clearest view yet of an intact bacterial microcompartment, revealing at atomic-level resolution the structure and assembly of the organelle’s protein shell. This work could benefit research in bioenergy and pathogenesis, and it could lead to new methods of bioengineering bacteria for beneficial purposes.

Researchers Find a Surprise Just Beneath the Surface in Carbon Dioxide Experiment

X-ray experiments at Berkeley Lab, coupled with theoretical work, revealed how oxygen atoms embedded very near the surface of a copper sample had a more dramatic effect on the early stages of a reaction with carbon dioxide than earlier theories could account for. This work could prove useful in designing new types of materials to make reactions more efficient in converting carbon dioxide into liquid fuels and other products.

How X-rays Helped to Solve Mystery of Floating Rocks

Experiments at Berkeley Lab’s Advanced Light Source have helped scientists to solve a mystery of why some rocks can float for years in the ocean, traveling thousands of miles before sinking.

Designing Cyclic Oligomers: Greater Than the Sum of Their Parts

-Written By Lida Gifford Cyclic proteins that assemble from multiple identical subunits (homo-oligomers) play key roles in many biological processes, including cell signaling and enzymatic catalysis and protein function. Researchers in Berkeley Lab’s Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging (MBIB) Division worked with University of Washington’s David Baker, who led a team to design in silico

How X-rays Pushed Topological Matter Research Over the Top

Pioneering X-ray experiments at Berkeley Lab’s Advanced Light Source (ALS) helped bring to life decades-old theories about exotic states of matter, and the ALS continues to play an important role in this flourishing field of topological matter research.

Researchers Gain Insight into Protein Critical to Zika Virus Reproduction

Berkeley Lab researchers collaborated with colleagues from the University of Indiana and Texas A&M University to solve the atomic structure of a Zika virus protein that is key to viral reproduction. The X-ray studies were conducted at the Advanced Light Source in the Berkeley Center for Structural Biology.

How Berkelium Stands Out in a Heavy Metal Crowd

Researchers have found that among the heavy metal elements, berkelium has an unusual characteristic that could potentially be used to distinguish it from other radioactive actinides.

New Evidence for a Water-Rich History on Mars

Mars may have been a wetter place than previously thought, according to research on simulated Martian meteorites conducted, in part, at Berkeley Lab’s Advanced Light Source.

Getting to Know Meteors Better

X-ray studies of meteorite samples, conducted by NASA and Berkeley Lab researchers, could help gauge threats to Earth by providing new insights on the microscopic makeup of asteroids and how they break up in the atmosphere.

A New Paradigm in Parachute Design

X-ray-based experiments at Berkeley Lab will simulate—in microscopic detail—spacecraft parachute fabric performance in the extreme conditions of other planets’ atmospheres.