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Key to Cleaner Combustion? Look to the Stars

A research team co-led by Berkeley Lab has demonstrated that the chemistry behind the formation of carbon compounds in the early universe could inform cleaner combustion engines.

New Tools Link Catalytic Activity to Nanoscale Transformations

An international research team led by scientists at Stanford University and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory developed a new apparatus at Berkeley Lab’s Advanced Light Source (ALS) that could help improve the efficiency of hydrogen fuel generation.

How X-Rays Could Make Reliable, Rapid COVID-19 Tests a Reality

Vaccines are turning the tide in the pandemic, but the risk of infection is still present. Instant at-home tests would help us return to normal, but current options aren’t very accurate. A new discovery could help get reliable tests on the market.

Meteorites Reveal Magnetic Record of Protoplanet Churn

Researchers from MIT, Oxford, Arizona State, JPL, and Berkeley Lab detected the signatures of ancient magnetic fields imprinted in a meteorite’s ferromagnetic grains at Berkeley Lab’s Advanced Light Source (ALS).

To Design Truly Compostable Plastic, Scientists Take Cues From Nature

Scientists at Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley have designed an enzyme-activated compostable plastic that could diminish microplastics pollution. Household tap water or soil composts break the hybrid plastic material down to small molecules, called monomers, in just a few days or weeks.

Advanced Light Source Upgrade Project Achieves Major Milestone

The Advanced Light Source, a scientific user facility at Berkeley Lab, has received federal approval for the budget, schedule, and technical scope for a major upgrade project that will boost the brightness of its X-ray beams at least a hundredfold.

X-Ray Study Recasts Role of Battery Material from Cathode to Catalyst

An international team working at Berkeley Lab used a unique X-ray instrument to learn new things about lithium-rich battery materials that have been the subject of much study for their potential to extend the range of electric vehicles and the operation of electronic devices.

The Spintronics Technology Revolution Could Be Just a Hopfion Away

A research team co-led by Berkeley Lab has created and observed quasiparticles called 3D hopfions at the nanoscale (billionths of a meter) in a magnetic system. The discovery could advance high-density, high-speed, low-power, yet ultrastable magnetic memory “spintronics” devices.

X-Ray Experiments, Machine Learning Could Trim Years Off Battery R&D

An X-ray instrument at Berkeley Lab’s Advanced Light Source contributed to a battery study that used an innovative approach to machine learning to speed up the learning curve about a process that shortens the life of fast-charging lithium batteries.

To Speed Discovery, Infrared Microscopy Goes ‘Off the Grid’

Researchers from Caltech, UC Berkeley, and the Berkeley Synchrotron Infrared Structural Biology Imaging Program (BSISB) reported a more efficient way to collect “high-dimensional” infrared images – where each pixel contains rich physical and chemical information. The microscopy experiments were carried out at Berkeley Lab’s Advanced Light Source.