Deep beneath the surface of the Salton Sea, a shallow lake in California’s Imperial County, sits an immense reserve of critical metals that, if unlocked, could power the state’s green economy for years to come. These naturally occurring metals are dissolved in geothermal brine, a byproduct of geothermal energy production. Now the race is on to develop technology to efficiently extract one of the most valuable metals from the brine produced by the geothermal plants near the Salton Sea: lithium.
DOE has awarded $60 million to a new solar fuels initiative – called the Liquid Sunlight Alliance (LiSA) – led by Caltech in close partnership with Berkeley Lab. LiSA will build on the foundational work of the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis (JCAP).
A new study, led by a team of researchers including Berkeley Lab’s Josh McFayden, dives into a decades-old discrepancy in measurements relating to a Standard Model of particle physics pillar known as “lepton flavor universality,” and provides strong evidence to resolve it.
Today, the hard X-ray system for LCLS-II achieved “first light,” demonstrating its performance in readiness for the experimental campaigns ahead. Berkeley Lab oversaw the construction and delivery of the powerful magnetic components, called undulator segments, for the hard X-ray system.
Berkeley Lab-affiliated researchers played a leading role in analyzing data for a demonstration experiment in France that has achieved record precision for a specialized detector material.
Even an underground experiment 4,600 feet below a mountain in Central Italy, and a telescope instrument more than a mile high atop an Arizona mountaintop could not escape the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. In these videos, a Berkeley Lab scientist and two Berkeley Lab-affiliated researchers share their experiences of working in international collaborations during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Sometimes, when something is broken, the first step to fixing it is to break it even more. Scientists have discovered this is the case for a human DNA repair protein that functions by marking and then further breaking damaged DNA. Their surprising findings have provided much-needed insight into how DNA repair works in healthy cells, as well as how different mutations can translate into different diseases and cancer.
Humans have drawn technological inspiration from fish scales going back to ancient times: Romans, Egyptians, and other civilizations would dress their warriors in scale armor, providing both protection and mobility. Now, using advanced X-ray imaging techniques, Berkeley Lab scientists have characterized carp scales down to the nanoscale, enabling them to understand how the material is resistant to penetration while retaining flexibility.
Marjorie Shapiro, an experimental particle physicist and faculty senior scientist at Berkeley Lab, has been accustomed to working remotely and observing extreme social distancing from some colleagues for years, given that the scientific experiment she supports is 5,800 miles away.
Scientists at Berkeley Lab’s Molecular Foundry have joined forces with a research team at Stanford to aim a gene-targeting, antiviral agent called PAC-MAN against COVID-19.